Avita Psycare

From Chaos to Calm: Navigating Characterological Disorders

From Chaos to Calm: Navigating Characterological Disorders

Have you ever noticed how some people consistently struggle with certain behaviors or ways of thinking that keep causing problems in their lives? These deeply ingrained patterns, known as personality or characterological disorders, can significantly disrupt daily functioning, affecting personal and social relationships, work, and school performance.

Unlike the varied and unique “personality types” we all have, personality disorders involve rigid and compulsive ways of interacting with oneself and others, often leading to negative consequences.

Let’s look at examples of characterological disorders, treatment options, and coping mechanisms such as lifestyle changes.

Examples Of The Various Characterological Disorders

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) classifies personality disorders into three clusters:

Cluster A: Odd or Eccentric Disorders

1. Paranoid Personality Disorder

2. Schizoid Personality Disorder

3. Schizotypal Personality Disorder

Cluster B: Dramatic, Emotional, or Erratic Disorders

1. Antisocial Personality Disorder

2. Borderline Personality Disorder

3. Histrionic Personality Disorder

4. Narcissistic Personality Disorder

Cluster C: Anxious or Fearful Disorders

1. Avoidant Personality Disorder

2. Dependent Personality Disorder

3. Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder

How Personality Disorders Impact Personal and Professional Interactions

Characterological disorders are enduring patterns of behavior, cognition, and inner experience that deviate from cultural expectations and cause significant distress or impairment.

In professional settings, these disorders can lead to difficulties in forming positive relationships, frequent conflicts, inconsistent work performance, and hindered career progression.

In personal life, personality disorders strain family relationships and challenge social interactions.

Emotional dysregulation and intense emotions can create instability in family dynamics, make parenting difficult, and complicate friendships and romantic relationships, leading to social isolation or conflict.

Our treatment methods aim to develop healthier patterns of thinking and behaving, helping individuals lead more fulfilling lives.

Types of Treatment For Characterological Disorders


Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) treats personality disorders by linking thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. It challenges negative thoughts like “I am worthless,” replacing them with positive ones.

CBT also promotes enjoyable activities to improve mood and teaches coping skills for stress and anxiety, such as deep breathing and assertiveness training.

Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) combines CBT with mindfulness to manage emotions and improve relationships.

It teaches mindfulness to observe thoughts without reacting, emotional regulation to handle intense feelings, and interpersonal effectiveness for better communication. DBT also includes distress tolerance to survive crises without harmful behaviors.

Together, CBT and DBT provide a comprehensive approach to treating personality disorders.

Lifestyle Modifications

In addition to formal therapy, supplementary treatments and lifestyle modifications can support the management of personality disorders. These may include:

1. Mindfulness and Meditation. Practices that enhance self-awareness and emotional regulation.

2. Physical Exercise. Regular physical activity can improve mood, reduce anxiety, and increase overall well-being.

3. Healthy Sleep Habits. Adequate sleep is essential for cognitive function and emotional stability.

4. Nutrition. A balanced diet supports brain health and emotional well-being.

5. Social Support. Building a strong support network can provide emotional resilience and practical assistance.

Importance of Tailoring Treatments to Individual Needs

Treating personality disorders effectively requires individualized approaches. Each person’s unique circumstances necessitate tailored treatment plans.

Personality disorders, such as narcissism, perfectionism, and avoidance, challenge daily life and relationships but also offer growth opportunities. Understanding their origins is crucial for effective therapy. At Avita Psycare, we provide tailored psychological services (in addition to CBT and DBT) to help individuals overcome these patterns and improve their well-being and relationships. This includes personality assessment techniques such as psychodynamic, existential-humanistic, and mindfulness-based techniques.

Seeking professional help is vital for positive change. If you are struggling, contact us. We are here for you.


Photo by Andre Styles on Unsplash

Written by INVIGO SEO